语法填空答题技巧

作者: 来源: 发布时间:2017年10月10日 点击数:

语法填空是通过语篇在语境中考察语法知识的运用能力,我们在解题前应快速浏览短文掌握大意,有把握的空格可以先进行填写。在读懂短文的基础上,再结合短文提供的特定的语言环境去逐句分析,逐题解答。下面按题型设计分三种情况:

一、纯空格试题的解题技巧

纯空格填空题主要是填冠词、介词、代词、连接词(含从属连词和并列连词)等虚词。[来源:Z_xx_k.Com]

首先,分析句子结构,根据句子所缺成分确定填哪类词。然后,根据句子意思,确定具体填什么词;或根据两句间的逻辑关系确定具体用哪个连词。共有以下7个技巧:

技巧1在简单句和并列句中,若句子缺主语或宾语,一定是填代词。

例1:I can’t send a message to Kenya whenever I want to, and __1__ gets there almost in a second.

技巧2:名词前面,若没有限定词(冠词、形容词性物主代词、不定代词等),很可能是填限定词。

例2:It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty was very anxious to help___2___ rice crop growup quickly.

技巧3:名词或代词在句中不作主语、表语或动词的宾语时,其前面,一定是填介词。

例3:…who should have the honour of receiving me ___3___ a guest in their house.

技巧4: 若两个或几个单词或短语之间没有连词,可能是填连词。

例4:…two world-famous artists, Pablo Picasso    4   Cabdido Poitinari, which are worth millions of dollars.

技巧5:若两个句子(即两个主谓结构)之间没有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填并列连词(连接并列的句子)或从属连词(连接定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句)。

例5:The greatest magician of all time was Harry Houdini ___5 _died in 1926.

例6:He was very tired after doing thus foe a whole day, ___6___he felt very happy.[来源:学|科|网Z|X|X|K]

技巧6: 由特殊句式结构来判断空格应填的词。

(1) 由it  is … that… 强调结构的形式,判断it 还是that。判断方法:去掉it  is … that…结构,句子还是一个完整的句子就是强调句型。

(2) 由it 作形式主语或形式宾语的句式判断,空格是否填it.

例7:…and ___7__ was only after I heard she become sick that I learned she couldn’t eat MSG (味精).

例8:… as ___8__ took them just three minutes to steal paintings by two words-famous artists..

例9:Dating sites also makes___9__ easy to avoid someone whom you are not interested in.

     (3) 在倒装句式中通常填only, so, neither, nor, never, hardly, seldom, not…until等词。

例10:__10___ with hard work can you expect to get pay rise.

     (4) so / such …that…句型

例11:This made the goat so jealous ___11___ it began plotting against the donkey.

     (5) more …than…(与其说……不如说……,比……更……)句型。

例12:Cynthia’s story shows vividly that people remember more how much a manager cares ___12____ how much he pays.

二、给出了动词的试题解题技巧

首先,判断要填的动词是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。然后按照以下两点进行思考。

技巧7:若句子没有别的谓语动词,或者虽然已有谓语动词,但需填的动词与之是并列关系时,所给动词就是谓语动词;若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态语态。

例13:When I die, I   13   (give) everything to you.

例14:That was definitely not an attractive idea so I politely declined her invitation, 14__(close) my book and walked away.

例15:In Loganm three people _15_(take) to a hospital, while others were treated at a local clinic. [来源:学,科,网Z,X,X,K]

例16:Being too anxious to help an event develop often   16   (result) the contrary to our intention.(2008年广东高考语法填空)

例17:Now, Valentine’s Day is   17  (celebrate) in many countries around the world.

技巧8: 若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动词。若是非谓语动词就要确定是v-ing形式,-ed形式,还是不定式,确定的方法主要有:

(1) 作主语或宾语,通常用v-ing 形式表示习惯或一般情况,用不定式表示具体情况。

例18:…but it is not enough only _18_(memorize) rules from a grammar book.

例19:  19 _(speak) out your inner feeling won’t make you feel ashamed, on the contrary…

 (2) 作目的状语或在形容词后作状语,一般用不定式。

例20:_20_(complete) the project as planed, we’ll have to work two more hours a day.

 (3) 作伴随状语,通常用分词,若与逻辑主语是主动关系,用现在分词(v-ing);若是被动关系,用过去分词(-ed)。

例21:He saw the stone, __21_(say) to himself: “the night will be very dark.”

例22:The headmaster went into the lab, _22_(follow) by the foreign guests.

技巧9: 动词的词类转换主要做主语、宾语和定语。

例23:There are   23    (comfort) feelings often as any kind of physical pain.

例24:They entered the Credit Lyonnais branch using building  24   (equip) to dig holes[来源:学科网]

例25:These people have made great _ 25  (contribute) to China with theirwork.

三、词类转换题的解题技巧

      这类题主要是考查名词、形容词和副词,根据该词在句中所作句子成分确定用那种形式,具体技巧有以下三种。

 技巧10: 作表语(在系动词之后)、定语(修饰名词)或宾补(表性质状态),通常用形容词形式。

例26:The youngster immediately fell _26_(silence) as tears flew down from his big blue eyes.

例27:Teachers must try their best to make most of their students _27_(interest) in the subject.

技巧11: 修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子,作状语,用副词形式。

例28:As I looked _28  (close) at this girl, I found that…

例29: 29  (fortune),the guest escaped unharmed.

技巧12: 有的词义转换题,词类或词性不一定要变,主要是考查具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需要句子意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加un-, im-, in-等,在词根后加-less等。

例30: People certainly have a variety of reasons for going back to school but one important thing to know is, no knowledge is _30_(use).[来源:Z*xx*k.Com]

例31:Your mistake caused a lot of _31_(necessary) work in the office.

技巧13: 括号中所给词若是形容词或副词,有可能考查其比较级或最高级。

例32:Theother frog went on jumping as hard as he could… he jumped even _32_(hard) and nearly made himself out.

例33:The _33_(bad) damage was reported in thetowns of Logan and Clovis, which are about 80 miles apart, police said.

例34:…, but he felt very happy since the crop did “grow”  34  (high)

    以上仅对语法填空中的主要情况进行了概括,在做语法填空题时,还应注意英语中的固定句型、固定搭配等。

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