浅谈高三英语语法复习策略

作者: 来源: 发布时间:2017年08月11日 点击数:

大家都知道,一门语言必然是离不开其特有的语言规则的,就我们目前的英语学习环境而言,想要学好英语,必须掌握其基础语法知识。但实际上,我们知道,部分教师在英语教学中长期过分淡化语法教学或者学生长期忽视语法知识的学习,导致学生不能准确、得体地运用英语,这一点严重影响了学生书面表达的得分,而且学生在阅读文章时,尤其面对长句难句的理解时,往往会遇上貌似没生词但依然读不懂的局面。但高三时间紧任务重,如何采取更有效的语法复习策略,提高学生对语法知识的系统性的掌握,是每个高三老师不可回避的问题。下面我拿倒装句的语法复习为例,谈谈我自己的一些我认为比较有效的复习方法。

1、 复习导入化繁为简,我的做法是放进这么两个句子,让学生一目了然 ,自己归纳哪个是倒装句,为什么倒装了。

1.This is the first time you have been here. 2. Is this the first time you have been here?

  2、简洁明了系统全面,让学生明白什么是全部倒装,因什么而引起倒装,以及集中情况用全部倒装(部分倒装亦然)。比如,下面是我的讲义一部分:

完全倒装是指当某一特定结构出现在句首时,将谓语动词直接提至主语之前构成的倒装。

(表示方向方位或者时间的介词或者副词放句首),谓语动词一般都是不及物动词,用一般现在时或者一般过去时。

(Here, there, now, then, in, away, up down, off … in front of , between…, from the speaker…)

The teacher came in. _____________________________________________

The chance is coming. ____________________________________________

3.语法的特殊点,以练带讲归纳学习,让学生自己发现问题,归纳知识点。

注意 1 The boys hurried away. ______________________________________

      He hurried away. __________________________________________

4、当堂练习形式多样化,让学生体会成就感,可以是句子翻译或者选择题。

Such were his last words. 

这就是我们未来的家. __________________________________

5、 最后一步最为关键,创造情景,书面表达,把当堂所学的语法应用于一个篇章段落,最终服务于书面表达。比如在学习好倒装句的当堂课上,我编了一篇逻辑通顺的小文章,要求他们每一句都用刚刚学过的倒装句来表达。

用倒装句翻译下面片段:

下面我谈谈我对阅读的几点感想。以前 我从没想到阅读这么重要,也很少阅读。直到有一次我陷入困境不知所措才发现书本能给我们很多启示。书本不仅能提供我们知识还能帮助我们在迷茫中看到希望,只有通过阅读我们的人生才会更丰富。现在对于我阅读是如此有趣以至于有时几乎不能自拔。我相信如果有一天人人都爱上阅读那我们的生活一定会更美好更充实。

Here come my several thoughts on reading. Never before had I thought of the importance of reading, nor had I often read. Not until one day I was in a dilemma and completely lost did I find we can get something inspiring from books. Not only do books offer us much knowledge, but also books help us see something bright with hope. Only by reading can we live a richer and more colorful life. Now so interesting is reading for me that sometimes I find it hard for me to tear myself away from it. So I believe should everyone in the world take delight in reading one day, our world would be more loving. )

以上是我在高三复习课上的一个做法,我个人认为,只要老师肯动脑筋,一堂复习课也是可以做到让学生轻松掌握和巩固一个语法项目,同时帮助提高他们的书面表达的能力。

附上我的讲义一份:(选择题部分有缩减)

  倒装句    

This is the first time you have been here.

Is this the first time you have been here?

一.完全倒装

完全倒装是指当某一特定结构出现在句首时,将谓语动词直接提至主语之前构成的倒装。

1 (表示方向方位或者时间的介词或者副词放句首),谓语动词一般都是不及物动词,用一般现在时或者一般过去时。

(Here, there, now, then, in, away, up down, off … in front of , between…, from the speaker…)

The teacher came in. _____________________________________________

The chance is coming. ____________________________________________

A lot of difficulties lay before us. ___________________________________

注意 1 The boys hurried away. ______________________________________

      He hurried away. __________________________________________

2  A beautiful river lies in the south of our city.

In the south of our city lies a beautiful river.

___________________________________________________________

(2) 表语倒装

The leaders of our school are seated in the front.

_________________________________________________________.

The days when we were young and happy are gone

_________________________________________________________

Many unknown flowers are growing along the country road.

___________________________________________________________

(3) Such were his last words.这就是我们未来的家. ___________________________.

二 部分倒装

部分倒装是指当某一特定内容出现在句首时,助动词提前

1  hardly,scarcely,barely,little,never,seldom , hardly,scarcely,no sooner, by no means, at no time,等否定副词在句首时。(hardly/scarcely...when,no sooner...than(一……就……)

我几乎不知道妈妈原来面对着那么大的挑战。

_________________________________________________________________________

任何情况下我都不会同意他参与这种活动。

_________________________________________________________________________

2 so(用于肯定句),neither/nor(用于否定句)表示“也”,出现在句首时应使用部分倒装结构。

这不是我的故事,也不是全部的故事。

_________________________________________________________________________

3 only出现在句首修饰介词短语、副词和从句时应使用部分倒装结构;only修饰主语时不能使用倒装结构。

只有努力才能成功。________________________________________________

只有我们做好充分准备才能面对未来生活中的挑战。

____________________________________________________________________________

4  在so/such...that...结构中,当so/such出现在句首时应使用部分倒装结构。

Such a silly mistake  _________________________________________________.

Reading is so interesting that I take great delight in it.

___________________________________________________________________

 5 as(尽管)引导让步状语从句; Child as he is, he reads a lot.

尽管很累但我不放弃。_________________________________________________

6 在if虚拟条件从句中,如果从句的谓语动词含有were,had,should, 省略倒装。

(现在)If I were you , I would study harder. ____________________________________.

(过去)If he had been here yesterday, he would have offered to help you.

___________________________________________________________________________

(将来) If he should come tomorrow, I would be happy.

___________________________________________________________________________

练习 1

1 John opened the door. There ________he had never seen before.

A.a girl did stand                B.a girl stood

C.did a girl stand                D.stood a girl

2 We stayed in a quiet hotel,__ _ ________.

A. next to it was a thick wood             B. next to which was a thick wood

C. next to it there was a thick wood         D. next to which a thick wood was

…….

2 用倒装句翻译下面片段:

下面我谈谈我对阅读的几点感想。以前 我从没想到阅读这么重要,也很少阅读。直到有一次我陷入困境不知所措才发现书本能给我们很多启示。书本不仅能提供我们知识还能帮助我们在迷茫中看到希望,只有通过阅读我们的人生才会更丰富。现在对于我阅读是如此有趣以至于有时几乎不能自拔。我相信如果有一天人人都爱上阅读那我们的生活一定会更美好更充实。( Here come my several thoughts on reading. Never before had I thought of the importance of reading, nor had I often read. Not until one day I was in a dilemma and completely lost did I find we can get something inspiring from books. Not only do books offer us much knowledge, but also books help us see something bright with hope. Only by reading can we live a richer and more colorful life. Now so interesting is reading for me that sometimes I find it hard for me to tear myself away from it. So I believe should everyone in the world take delight in reading one day, we would live a more fulfilling life. )

 

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